Name: _______________________________Period: ________

                                                                                                        

Skull Review

 

1. The skull is one of the major components of the axial skeleton. Name the other two. ___________________________ and _______________________________

 

What structures do each of these areas protect?

 

2. Define suture:

 

3. With one exception, the skull bones are joined by sutures. Name the exception.

 

4. What are the four major sutures of the skull, and what bones do they connect?

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. Name the eight bones composing the cranium.

___________________        ____________________         _____________________

___________________        ____________________         _____________________

___________________        ____________________

 

6. Give two possible functions of the sinuses.

 

7. What is the orbit?

 

8. Match the bone names in column B with the descriptions in column A:            

                                                      Column A                                                 Column B

 

____________________ a. bone forming anterior cranium                               ethmoid

____________________ b. cheekbone                                                              frontal

____________________ c. upper jaw                                                               lacrimal

____________________ d. bony skeleton of nose                                            mandible

____________________ e. posterior roof of mouth                                          maxillary

____________________ f. bone pair united by the sagittal suture                     nasal

____________________ g. superior and medial nasal conchae                         occipital

                                                   are part of this bone                                          palatine

____________________ h. spinal cord passes through a large                         parietal

                                                   opening in this bone                                        sphenoid

____________________ i. forms the chin                                                        temporal

____________________ j. inferior part of the nasal septum                             vomer

____________________ k. superior part of the nasal septum                           zygomatic

 

 

The Fetal Skull - Read page 211 to help you complete this

1. Are the same skull bones seen in the adult found in the fetal skull? Explain

 

 

2. What is a fontanel?

 

        What is its fate? What is the function of the fontanels in the fetal skull?